17 million sq. km. (6.5 million sq. mi.); about 1.8 times the size
of the United States.
Capital--Moscow (pop. 10.4 million); St. Petersburg (4.6 million),
Novosibirsk (1.4 million), Nizhniy Novgorod (1.3 million).
Broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and
tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains (Caucasus range) along
Noun and adjective--Russian(s).
(August 2011): 142.9 million.
(2002 census): Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir
1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other 12.1%.
Russian Orthodox, Islam, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, Protestant,
Russian (official); more than 140 other languages and dialects.
(total pop.): Literacy--99.4%.
Life expectancy (2011 est.)--63.03 years men, 74.87 years women.
(75.49 million, 2010 est.): Services--58.1%, industry--31.9%,
August 24, 1991.
December 12, 1993.
prime minister (chairman of the government).
Assembly (Federation Council, State Duma).
Judicial--Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Supreme Court of
Arbitration, Office of Procurator General.
parties: After a shakeup in
late 2008 dissolved and combined several parties, seven registered
The Communist Party (KPRF)
The Liberal Democratic
Patriots of Russia
The new Right Cause
Universal at 18 years.
(2010): $1.477 trillion.
Petroleum, natural gas, timber, furs, precious and nonferrous
Products--Grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, meat, dairy products.
Types--Complete range of manufactures: automobiles, trucks, trains,
agricultural equipment, advanced aircraft, aerospace, machine and
equipment products; mining and extractive industry; medical and
scientific instruments; construction equipment.
Exports--$376.7 billion: petroleum and petroleum products, natural
gas, woods and wood products, metals, chemicals.
CIS, China, Japan.
billion: machinery and equipment, chemicals, consumer goods,
medicines, meat, sugar, semi-finished metal products.
CIS, Japan, China, U.S.
billion. Principal U.S. exports to Russia (2010)--oil/gas equipment,
meat, motor vehicles and parts, aircraft, electrical machinery,
automatic data processing machines and parts, medical equipment,
plastics, cosmetics, and chemicals.
billion. Principal U.S. imports from Russia (2010)--oil, chemicals
(including fertilizer), radioactive materials, iron/steel, precious
stones, nickel, aluminum, fish and crustaceans, alcoholic beverages,
and base metals.
"Background Note: Russia." U.S.
Department of State. 2 November 2011. Web. 4 March 2012. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3183.htm.
This is the
Russian flag and the Coat of Arms of the Russian federation.
Coat of Arms comes from the old
Russian Empire, and it was restored
after the fall of the
Soviet Union." Peter the Great
officially claimed the existence of the Russian Empire in 1712.
established worldwide power and influence from the times of the Russian
Empire to being the leading constituent of the Soviet Union, the world's
first and largest
Communist state." Russia "possesses
the world's largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction."
"Coat of Arms of
Russia." Wikipedia. Web. 21 March 2009.
Wins Russian Presidency," March 4, 2012
Russian Federation currency
is the Russian ruble.
1 Russian Ruble = $0.0.0329901
$1 USD = 25.6837
"Moscow is the
world's most expensive city."
[Click on thumbnails
above to view]
more physicians, hospitals, and health care workers than almost any
other country in the world."
Russia "has the
highest educated graduates in Europe" and guarantees a free education
system and free universal healthcare to all citizens. Russian Orthodoxy
is the main religion.
visiting Russia, we noticed an extreme difference between roads,
driving, and parking in Russia and Texas. Many of the drivers we came
across fearlessly drove in a hurry. It was quite scary. Cars were parked on the curbs in every different kind of way and right on
top of other cars.
For those without cars, there is the Trans-Siberian Railway
which is the "longest
continuous rail line on earth"
almost six thousand miles over one third of the globe."
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