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The President of the Russian Federation


  • Area: 17 million sq. km. (6.5 million sq. mi.); about 1.8 times the size of the United States.

  • Cities: Capital--Moscow (pop. 10.4 million); St. Petersburg (4.6 million), Novosibirsk (1.4 million), Nizhniy Novgorod (1.3 million).

  • Terrain: Broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains (Caucasus range) along southern borders.

  • Climate: Northern continental.


  • Nationality: Noun and adjective--Russian(s).

  • Population (August 2011): 142.9 million.

  • Ethnic groups (2002 census): Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other 12.1%.

  • Religion: Russian Orthodox, Islam, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, Protestant, Buddhist, other.

  • Language: Russian (official); more than 140 other languages and dialects.

  • Education (total pop.): Literacy--99.4%.

  • Health: Life expectancy (2011 est.)--63.03 years men, 74.87 years women.

  • Work force (75.49 million, 2010 est.): Services--58.1%, industry--31.9%, agriculture--10%.


  • Type: Federation.

  • Independence: August 24, 1991.

  • Constitution: December 12, 1993.

  • Branches:

  • Executive--president, prime minister (chairman of the government).

  • Legislative--Federal Assembly (Federation Council, State Duma).

  • Judicial--Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Supreme Court of Arbitration, Office of Procurator General.

  • Political parties: After a shakeup in late 2008 dissolved and combined several parties, seven registered parties remained:

  • United Russia

  • The Communist Party (KPRF)

  • The Liberal Democratic Party (LDPR)

  • Just Russia

  • Yabloko

  • Patriots of Russia

  • The new Right Cause party

  • Suffrage: Universal at 18 years.


  • GDP (2010): $1.477 trillion.

  • Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, timber, furs, precious and nonferrous metals.

  • Agriculture: Products--Grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, meat, dairy products.

  • Industry: Types--Complete range of manufactures: automobiles, trucks, trains, agricultural equipment, advanced aircraft, aerospace, machine and equipment products; mining and extractive industry; medical and scientific instruments; construction equipment.

  • Trade (2010): Exports--$376.7 billion: petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, woods and wood products, metals, chemicals.

  • Major markets--EU, CIS, China, Japan.

  • Imports--$191.8 billion: machinery and equipment, chemicals, consumer goods, medicines, meat, sugar, semi-finished metal products.

  • Major partners--EU, CIS, Japan, China, U.S.

  • U.S. exports--$6 billion. Principal U.S. exports to Russia (2010)--oil/gas equipment, meat, motor vehicles and parts, aircraft, electrical machinery, automatic data processing machines and parts, medical equipment, plastics, cosmetics, and chemicals.

  • U.S. imports--$25.7 billion. Principal U.S. imports from Russia (2010)--oil, chemicals (including fertilizer), radioactive materials, iron/steel, precious stones, nickel, aluminum, fish and crustaceans, alcoholic beverages, and base metals.

"Background Note: Russia." U.S. Department of State. 2 November 2011. Web. 4 March 2012. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3183.htm.


This is the Russian flag and the Coat of Arms of the Russian federation. "The Russian Coat of Arms comes from the old Russian Empire, and it was restored after the fall of the Soviet Union." Peter the Great officially claimed the existence of the Russian Empire in 1712.

"Russia established worldwide power and influence from the times of the Russian Empire to being the leading constituent of the Soviet Union, the world's first and largest Communist state." Russia "possesses the world's largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction."

"Coat of Arms of Russia." Wikipedia. Web. 21 March 2009. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coat_of_arms_of_Russia.

The President of the Russian Federation


Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин

"Putin Wins Russian Presidency," March 4, 2012

Learn the Russian Alphabet

The Russian Federation currency is the Russian ruble.

1 Russian Ruble = $0.0.0329901 USD.

$1 USD = 25.6837 Russian Rubles.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_ruble ~ http://www.xe.com/ucc/

Learn the Russian Alphabet

"Moscow is the world's most expensive city."

Learn the Russian Alphabet

[Click on thumbnails above to view]

Russia "has more physicians, hospitals, and health care workers than almost any other country in the world." Russia "has the highest educated graduates in Europe" and guarantees a free education system and free universal healthcare to all citizens. Russian Orthodoxy is the main religion.

Learn the Russian Alphabet

When visiting Russia, we noticed an extreme difference between roads, driving, and parking in Russia and Texas. Many of the drivers we came across fearlessly drove in a hurry. It was quite scary. Cars were parked on the curbs in every different kind of way and right on top of other cars. For those without cars, there is the Trans-Siberian Railway which is the "longest continuous rail line on earth" and "runs almost six thousand miles over one third of the globe."







This site was last updated 03/29/14